Fire stations of the world: South River Fire Department in New Jersey, US
The South River Fire Department in New Jersey, US, is a volunteer department with 70 fire fighters operating out of a single station located in a flood-prone area in the borough of South River. The fire department had been talking with the borough council and mayor about the need for a new firehouse for a number of years but it took Hurricane Sandy in 2012 to get things moving much more quickly on the drive for a new station. “Our existing firehouse was nearly 100 years old,” said Art Londensky, South River Fire Department’s fire marshal. “On one side of the old building, we had to put down metal road plates to prevent the floor from caving in because of the weight of the pumpers. On the other side of the station, you couldn’t walk around the ladder tower in the bay because it was so tight to the walls. With 70 personnel using the fire station, there were only two toilets and two sinks in the building and there was no place for fire fighters to decon, so they had to decon at home.”
When Hurricane Sandy hit, the fire station was in danger of being flooded. “The water was about a half a block away, so we were getting ready to evacuate the station and when the South River crested, the water was almost to the front door of the firehouse. After that, the mayor and council agreed on the need for a new fire station headquarters,” Londensky said.
Londensky said the department formed a committee that included fire fighters with various areas of expertise, such as plumbers, electricians, a laundry technician and others, to research architectural firms that specialise in building fire stations. “We sent out requests for qualifications and got back 15 responses,” he says. “We narrowed them down to six, interviewed all six and chose Mitchell Associates Architects.”
Bob Mitchell, principal in Mitchell Associates, said the fire department and borough council wanted to be sure that the new station would be built out of the flood-prone area of the borough. “The borough is 95 percent built out, with much of it located in the flood plain,” Mitchell pointed out. “Determining a new site became a complicated two-year process. They initially selected a site in a gracious residential area and in spite of a design that nicely fit the residential neighbourhood, citizen opposition to the site was overwhelming,” Mitchell said. That sent the station committee and borough council on the hunt for another suitable location. Londensky noted that the borough owns the fire station and all of the apparatus and equipment, while the department supplies the volunteer fire fighters to staff the apparatus. “There weren’t a lot of places where we could put a 21 388-square-foot fire station but the borough eventually located a combined parcel of a former Knights of Columbus property and a gasoline station.”
After environmental and geotechnical analyses of the combined properties, it was discovered that the new building would need to be constructed on 325 pilings; contaminated soil would need to be removed to a depth of 15 feet and, because the water table depth was five feet, contaminated water would have to removed as well.
When construction was completed in June 2018, the department had a modern two-storey, five-apparatus-bay fire headquarters that cost $7,5 million. Mitchell says the fire station’s first-floor apparatus room occupies 5 730 square feet and has three double-deep, drive-through bays and two back-in bays. Adjacent to the apparatus bays are two hot zone bathrooms, a decontamination laundry room, a turnout gear storage room, a general storage room, a self-contained breathing apparatus filling station and a mechanic’s room. The first floor also has offices for the chiefs and fire commissioners, a conference room, unisex bathrooms, an exercise room, a kitchen and a dayroom.
Mitchell said that the second floor has a combination meeting and training room, a kitchenette, male and female bathrooms, three bunk rooms, a gym, a men’s locker room, a women’s locker room and a washer and dryer room for linens. “There are two showers in the men’s locker room and one shower in the women’s. Two of the bunk rooms have four beds each, while one bunk room has two beds. There also are stairs and a fire pole to the first floor. In addition, the station has a mezzanine with a bailout window and a confined space extrication manhole.”
These upgraded health and safety features protects fire fighters from toxins and contaminants encountered during calls. The SCBA fill compressor is isolated from the fill station room for hearing protection. Training space includes a classroom, a mezzanine with a bailout window and confined space extrication manhole and an exercise room.
The meeting room can accommodate 85 people seated at tables and can be divided into two rooms. It is serviced by a kitchenette, with storage for tables, chairs, and training props. The station also includes space for future bunking to accommodate ten fire fighters. The building envelope and all mechanical and electrical items exceed current energy efficiency standards. Mitchell Associates worked with the department to meet the funding requirements from the United States Department of Agriculture.
Londensky says the new fire headquarters has a 100kW diesel generator that can power the entire fire station in the event of a power outage. “We also have two 105-pound-capacity washer/extractors that each can do six sets of turnout gear at a time and two dryers that will each dry six sets of turnouts. And, we have a washer and dryer that we use for hoods and gloves.”
Londensky believes that Mitchell designed the “perfect functionality” into the station for South River. “The flow works well from when you come in from the parking lot, into the gear room and onto the apparatus. “We were always sure we chose the right architect, especially because he was able to work perfectly with the station committee and with the governing body to explain the size of the station and why we needed all the various elements in it.”
The new fire headquarters station houses two pumpers, an 85-foot ladder tower, a medium rescue, a trailer and an inflatable boat. “We’re filling it out already and the station fits all of our needs. And, the size of the apparatus bays will allow us to increase our fleet to four pumpers if necessary, so those bays are set up for four engines with vehicle exhaust systems and electrical charging drop-downs,” said Londensky.
“[The new fire house] is gorgeous,” former Mayor Raymond Eppinger said. “It’s been a long time in coming but the great thing about it is it’s such an efficient and professional use of space that I think the residents of South River are going to be very, very pleased for a very long time that this project was undertaken.”
Sources: South River Fire Department, Mitchell Associates Architects, My Central Jersey