Football's deadliest disasters
The 1989 crush at England's Hillsborough Stadium that left 96 supporters dead and which went to trial on Monday, 14 January 2019, is among the deadliest of a wave of football disasters. The Hillsborough disaster was a fatal human crush during an FA Cup semi-final match between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest at Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England, on 15 April 1989. With 96 fatalities and 766 injuries, it was the worst disaster in British sporting history. The crush occurred in the two standing-only central pens in the Leppings Lane stand, allocated to Liverpool supporters. Shortly before kick-off, in an attempt to ease overcrowding outside the entrance turnstiles, the police match commander, chief superintendent David Duckenfield, ordered exit gate C to be opened, leading to an influx of even more supporters to the already overcrowded central pens.
Here is a recap of some others
Lima, Moscow: hundreds dead
Anger erupted in the closing minutes of a Peru-Argentina match at Lima's National Stadium in May 1964 when the referee disallowed a home-side goal.
Police fired teargas and there was a stampede but the exits were closed: 320 people were killed and more than 1 000 injured.
The unofficial death toll for a crush at Moscow's main stadium in October 1982 is higher, reported in local media such as the Sovetsky Sport newspaper at around 340. But the official figure remains 66.
Fans who had been leaving the Luzhniky Stadium rushed back after Spartak scored a second goal against Dutch side Haarlem, causing the crush at the only exit.
Accra, Kathmandu, Guatemala
In May 2001, 126 people died in Ghana's capital in a stampede after a 2-1 victory by league champions Hearts of Oak over arch-rivals Kumasi Ashanti Kotoko.
Kumasi fans threw seats and bottles on the pitch, causing police to fire tear gas. The stadium was locked, trapping spectators.
More than 100 football fans were killed in Nepal's national stadium in March 1988 in a rush for the doors, which were closed, when a hailstorm and power cut caused panic.
In Guatemala in October 1996, 90 people were killed in a crush during a World Cup qualification match between Guatemala and Costa Rica at an overpacked stadium.
In February 2012, 74 people were killed in Port Said in rioting after local club Al-Masri beat Al-Ahly. It led to demonstrations against the military government, accused of inaction, that left another 16 people dead.
Also in Egypt 48 people were killed in February 1974 in a crush before a friendly at an overfilled Cairo stadium.
Another 19 died in Cairo in February 2015 when thousands of fans tried to force their way into a stadium to watch a game, triggering panic as police fired tear gas and birdshot.
- In Buenos Aires in June 1968, 71 people were killed after a match between rivals Boca Juniors and River Plate when fans tried to escape fire.
- Sixty-six died in a crush in Glasgow's Ibrox Stadium in January 1971 in the closing moments of a Rangers-Celtic derby.
- In Bradford in England, 56 people were killed in May 1985 when a blaze broke out in wooden stands during a match between Bradford and Lincoln City.
- In April 2001, 43 people died in a stampede at Johannesburg's Ellis Park stadium during a game between Orlando Pirates and Kaizer Chiefs.
- Forty died in Orkney in South Africa in January 1991 during a melee at another Orlando Pirates-Kaizer Chiefs event.
- Fighting between supporters of rival clubs at a match in Turkey's city of Kayseri in September 1967 left 40 dead.
- In Brussels in May 1985, 39 people were killed at Heysel Stadium when Juventus fans tried to flee aggressive Liverpool fans.
- In Greece's port of Piraeus in February 1981, 21 people were killed in a stampede after a Olympiacos and AEK match.
- Twenty died in Abidjan in March 2009 in a stampede before a 2010 World Cup qualifier between Ivory Coast and Malawi.